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It discussed the body of a republic (a complete anachronism in the 12th century) that was ultimately dominated by its Christian soul, symbolized in the spiritual leadership of the priesthood. In the 16th century, King Henry VIII of England initiated the dismemberment of the body politic metaphor by putting himself in the role of head of the church. Some of the main approaches to the body in the field of gender studies were created by feminists, and emphasis has been placed on women’s embodiment. Saying “everyone deserves a chance” isn’t political, but saying “abortion takes a human life” is. When 'Not About Politics' Means 'All About Politics' : It's All Politics Politicians sometimes say the opposite of what they mean. 8. to have a government. n. The people of a politically organized nation or … Define body politic. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The employment of barbarians as foederati, which became a common practice with the emperors in the 4th century, was both a symptom of disease in the body politic of the empire and a hastener of its impending ruin. The church was first conceptualized as a body, often that of a bride, and Christ was either the body’s head or the bride’s groom. Body politic, in Western political thought, an ancient metaphor by which a state, society, or church and its institutions are conceived of as a biological (usually human) body. body politic synonyms, body politic pronunciation, body politic translation, English dictionary definition of body politic. As it is usually applied, the metaphor implies hierarchical leadership and a division of labour, and … Find more ways to say body politic, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. They thus learn that cooperation between all members of the body, including the invisible belly, is vital for the body’s health. For Paravicini Bagliani, the ecclesiastical rituals that surrounded the death of a pope cemented the inherent internal contradiction between the pope’s physical transience and the church’s institutional continuity and survival. In his case, leadership moved organically. The king was the kingdom’s head or heart. It is also the strategy for maintaining cooperation among people with different needs and ideals in life, or for resolving the conflict within the group, whether this is a family, a tribe, a village or a nation-state. See more. The people of a politically organized nation or state considered as a group. Add your answer and earn points. Define body politic. He said either sovereignty meant nothing, or it meant migraine power ruling over the entire body-politic. See more. 9. being unique as an individual in our choices of who we want to be as a person , in our clothing, preferences, talents/gifts, perspectives, likes/dislikes. Politics is the science of government. Later, kings and popes associated themselves with the Christian body, integrating its ambivalent dual nature. Shakespeare also instilled doubt in the metaphor’s validity, questioning in Coriolanus the organic cooperation between members of the body and comparing plebeians to the monstrous Hydra of Greek mythology and to diseases like the measles or scabs. From this perspective, the definition of politics will always be contestable. In the 4th century bce, Plato articulated and refined the political usage of the metaphor in his Republic and Laws. After the Industrial Revolution, when issues of social contract gained prominence, social institutions were conceived of as machines rather than as natural organisms. In Leviathan (1651) he discussed the natural selfishness of humankind and the consequent need to impose upon individuals an external authority to prevent perpetual violence. body politic synonyms, body politic pronunciation, body politic translation, English dictionary definition of body politic. The medieval tendency to fuse church and state was bound to create the need to identify a unitary leadership, a requirement that was accommodated in the bodily metaphor. Body politic definition, a people regarded as a political body under an organized government. Eighth Video in the Foundation series of The Body of Leadership Course with Mark Walsh. Pushing the usage of the metaphor to its extreme, Milton and Shakespeare pointed to the truism that a body, like society, does not always function well. It is, perhaps, precisely because body politics are so wrapped up in personal choice that they are important. 1 of or relating to the state, government, the body politic, public administration, policy-making, etc. And if the ear were to say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” that would not make it any less a part of the body.…The eye cannot say to the hand, “I have no need of you,” nor again the head to the feet, “I have no need of you.”…That there may be no dissension within the body, but the members may have the same care for one another.…Now you are the body of Christ and individually members of it. The metaphor took on a theocratic connotation, implying divine leadership. politics (2) the activity of striving to share power or striving to influence the distribution of power, either among states or among groups within a state. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The argument of single leadership is repeated in Marsilius of Padua’s Defensor pacis (1324; “Defender of the Peace”). If you look at body politics, you can see the world's history in how we look and feel about different bodies. In a work of 1610, the sequel to his Divine Beginning and Institution of Christ's true Visible and Ministerial Church, Jacob describes " an entire and independent 3 body-politic," " endued with power immediately under and from Christ, as every proper church is and ought to be.". Perhaps the most-sweeping medieval elaboration of the concept was left to John of Salisbury and his Policraticus, an essential work of medieval political theory. 7. to fit in different racial, cultural, religious, and political groups. Aristotle also knew Philip of Macedon (son of Amyntas III) and there is a tradition that says Aristotle tutored Philip’s son Alexander, who would later be called \"the Great\" after exp… Similarly, John of Paris’s De potestate regia et papali (c. 1302; “On Royal and Papal Powers”), defending the subordination of the pope to a king, used the metaphor to argue for the commonsensical leadership of a single common force. Judicial- Supreme Court. politics (1) the means by which form is given to the life of a people. How did it form brought to a single organized political governmental authority, such as a relevant of... People regarded as a mystical body politic metaphor by insisting on the artificiality of the state brought to a of! The collective body of a parliament full … From this perspective, the body politic synonyms, body metaphor..., a corporation answer julie19 is waiting for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your. 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