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He or the chamberlain kept lists of fiscal tenants and their obligations on the lord-king’s estates and in towns for use in verifying the service of provosts who collected the rents and profits…, …the president nominates the federal chancellor and the chancellor’s cabinet appointments, whom the president may dismiss upon the chancellor’s recommendation. In order to avoid any misunderstanding, the head of the German Federal Government is therefore usually called by the official title Bundeskanzler (Federal Chancellor). …submitted to Parliament by the chancellor of the Exchequer, who is responsible for its preparation. In Germany from 1871 and in Austria from 1918, the title Kanzler (“chancellor”) has been held by the prime minister. As keeper of the great seal used to authenticate royal documents, the chancellor became, in most medieval kingdoms, the most powerful official. Chancellor or Grand Chancellor is the common translation of the Chinese title chengxiang or zaixiang, which in imperial China was the head of the government serving under the emperor. Define chancellor. The chancellor drafted the king’s decrees and privileges with increasing care and regularity. Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of Germany. In Finland the Chancellor of Justice (Oikeuskansleri, Justitiekanslern) supervises the legality of actions taken by the government and monitors the implementation of basic civil liberties. As explained above, the Basic Law invests the chancellor with central executive authority. Laschet has always been a faithful ally to current Chancellor Angela Merkel and has spoken of continuing her centrist approach to politics. How to use chancellor in a sentence. [7][better source needed], In Estonia, a Chancellor (Kantsler) directs the work of a ministry and coordinates institutions subject to the ministry. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Lord Chancellor 1.1. The former German Empire, the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany had the equivalent position of Reichskanzler ("Chancellor of the Reich") as the head of the executive. On Wednesday (25 November) UK Chancellor Rishi Sunak presented his “Spending Review 2020” (SR2020) to Parliament, setting out the government’s spending plans for the coming year. In England the member of the Cabinet in charge of finance is called the chancellor of the Exchequer; another Cabinet member, the chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, is a minister without departmental responsibility whose title derives from that of the official originally employed by the crown to manage the palatine duchy of Lancaster. Chancellor is the title of the head of government in Germany and Austria . The Chancellor also determines … The word is now used in the titles of many various officers in various settings (government, education, religion). Nowadays the term is most often used to describe: The Chancellor of Austria, denominated Bundeskanzler for males and Bundeskanzlerin for females ("Federal Chancellor"), is the title of the head of the Government of Austria. [3] In the Canton of Berne, the Chancellor is elected by the Grand Council (i.e. In Britain, the Chancellor is the Chancellor of the Exchequer . The Chancellor directs the staff of the Executive Council, supports the President of the Government and the Executive Council in the performance of their duties, and usually participates as an advisor to the President of the Grand Council in Grand Council sessions.[4]. ... (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the head of the government in several European countries. No contest. The chancellor is a notary, so that he may certify official documents, and often has other duties at the discretion of the bishop of the diocese: he may be in charge of some aspect of finances or of managing the personnel connected with diocesan offices, although his delegated authority cannot extend to vicars of the diocesan bishop, such as vicars general, episcopal vicars or judicial vicars. Among other important presidential functions are those of appointing…, …the royal household were the chancellor, usually an ecclesiastic, who was responsible for the issuance of royal letters and the preservation of records; the. And the voting is done by secret ballot.If the person the President nominated is not elected, the Bundestag elects its own within two weeks. The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the government’s chief financial minister and as such is responsible for raising revenue through taxation or borrowing and for controlling public spending. In Germany many heads of university administration carry the title Kanzler (Chancellor) while the academical heads carry the title Rektor (Rector). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bismarck. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The chancellor of Germany, officially the federal chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundeskanzler() der Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is the head of government and chief executive of Germany, as well as the commander in chief of the German Armed Forces during wartime. Chancellor definition is - the secretary of a nobleman, prince, or king. A chancellor's office is called a chancellery or chancery. Between general elections, the Federal Chancellor (together with the whole cabinet) can only be removed from office by a konstruktives Misstrauensvotum ("constructive motion of no confidence"), which consists in the candidacy of an opposition candidate for the office of Chancellor in the Bundestag. In this special function the chancellor also sits in the Finnish Cabinet, the Finnish Council of State. They handle non-academic matters such as violations of behavior. The chancellor is elected by the Bundestag (lower house of the Federal Parliament) … An important notary; a person in charge of some area of government, often justice or finance. In German politics, the Bundeskanzler position is equivalent to that of a prime minister and is elected by the Bundestag ("Federal Diet", the directly elected federal parliament) every four years on the beginning of the electoral period after general elections. The Chancellor does not take part in running the university Chancellor: A secretary, secretary of state, or minister of a king or other high nobleman. In a few instances, the term chancellor applies to a student or faculty member in a high school or an institution of higher learning who is either appointed or elected as chancellor to preside on the highest ranking judicial board or tribunal. His office is within the "chancery". Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The Chancellor gets elected by the Bundestag once the proposal of the President is made. The federal government consists of the chancellor and his or her cabinet ministers. 1533 September 6, Stephen Vaughan, “CCCLXXVI. The emphasis of the chancellor’s budget speech is on taxation and the state of the economy, rather than on the detail of expenditures; public discussion is devoted mainly to the chancellor’s tax proposals. 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