(n), Art. 2193. 1898. Art. The contributions of a limited partner may be cash or property, but not services. 1 of Article 1616. (1689a). The ownership of the thing pledged is transmitted to the vendee or transferee as soon as the pledgee consents to the alienation, but the latter shall continue in possession. However, he can only make use of the right to recover the thing which he has delivered while the same remains in the possession of the other party, and without prejudice to the rights acquired in good faith in the meantime by a third person. 1249. When all the requisites mentioned in Article 1279 are present, compensation takes effect by operation of law, and extinguishes both debts to the concurrent amount, even though the creditors and debtors are not aware of the compensation. (1872a). (1886a), Art. (n) The right, if given, of a limited partner to demand and receive property other than cash in return for his contribution. 2117. The bailor in commodatum need not be the owner of the thing loaned. The demand made against one of them shall not be an obstacle to those which may subsequently be directed against the others, so long as the debt has not been fully collected. 2201. Art. Art. (1520). The provisions governing warranty, contained in the Title on Sales, shall be applicable to the contract of lease. In case of an implied new lease, the obligations contracted by a third person for the security of the principal contract shall cease with respect to the new lease. An accepted unilateral promise to buy or to sell a determinate thing for a price certain is binding upon the promissor if the promise is supported by a consideration distinct from the price. Failure to disclose facts, when there is a duty to reveal them, as when the parties are bound by confidential relations, constitutes fraud. The bailor may demand the thing at will, and the contractual relation is called a precarium, in the following cases: (1) If neither the duration of the contract nor the use to which the thing loaned should be devoted, has been stipulated; or, (2) If the use of the thing is merely tolerated by the owner. If two or more persons have appointed an agent for a common transaction or undertaking, they shall be solidarily liable to the agent for all the consequences of the agency. 2150. Art. 1711. The choice shall produce no effect except from the time it has been communicated. (1151a), The penalty may be enforced only when it is demandable in accordance with the provisions of this Code. A release made by the creditor in favor of one of the guarantors, without the consent of the others, benefits all to the extent of the share of the guarantor to whom it has been granted. 1387. (1556), Art. (1738), Art. 1202. Art. (1) To deliver the thing which is the object of the contract in such a condition as to render it fit for the use intended; (2) To make on the same during the lease all the necessary repairs in order to keep it suitable for the use to which it has been devoted, unless there is a stipulation to the contrary; (3) To maintain the lessee in the peaceful and adequate enjoyment of the lease for the entire duration of the contract. 1621. (1922a). Learn more. 2213. The capitalist partners cannot engage for their own account in any operation which is of the kind of business in which the partnership is engaged, unless there is a stipulation to the contrary. Innominate contracts shall be regulated by the stipulations of the parties, by the provisions of Titles I and II of this Book, by the rules governing the most analogous nominate contracts, and by the customs of the place. 1436. 1877. The transfer of title shall not be held to have been rescinded by an unpaid seller until he has manifested by notice to the buyer or by some other overt act an intention to rescind. Solidarity may exist although the creditors and the debtors may not be bound in the same manner and by the same periods and conditions. Art. (n). If at the end of the contract the lessee should continue enjoying the thing leased for fifteen days with the acquiescence of the lessor, and unless a notice to the contrary by either party has previously been given, it is understood that there is an implied new lease, not for the period of the original contract, but for the time established in Articles 1682 and 1687. (1840), Art. 1751. (1448), Art. 1479. Art. Before the creditor has accepted the consignation, or before a judicial declaration that the consignation has been properly made, the debtor may withdraw the thing or the sum deposited, allowing the obligation to remain in force. 2006. Art. The rights and obligations of the finder of lost personal property shall be governed by Articles 719 and 720. A day certain is understood to be that which must necessarily come, although it may not be known when. If the obligation has been substantially performed in good faith, the obligor may recover as though there had been a strict and complete fulfillment, less damages suffered by the obligee. (n), Art. In determining whether a partnership exists, these rules shall apply: (1) Except as provided by Article 1825, persons who are not partners as to each other are not partners as to third persons; (2) Co-ownership or co-possession does not of itself establish a partnership, whether such-co-owners or co-possessors do or do not share any profits made by the use of the property; (3) The sharing of gross returns does not of itself establish a partnership, whether or not the persons sharing them have a joint or common right or interest in any property from which the returns are derived; (4) The receipt by a person of a share of the profits of a business is prima facie evidence that he is a partner in the business, but no such inference shall be drawn if such profits were received in payment: (b) As wages of an employee or rent to a landlord; (c) As an annuity to a widow or representative of a deceased partner; (d) As interest on a loan, though the amount of payment vary with the profits of the business; (e) As the consideration for the sale of a goodwill of a business or other property by installments or otherwise. 2114. 1801. Art. A compromise between the creditor and the principal debtor benefits the guarantor but does not prejudice him. The principal must advance to the agent, should the latter so request, the sums necessary for the execution of the agency. 2014. When only one prestation has been agreed upon, but the obligor may render another in substitution, the obligation is called facultative. The bailor shall refund the extraordinary expenses during the contract for the preservation of the thing loaned, provided the bailee brings the same to the knowledge of the bailor before incurring them, except when they are so urgent that the reply to the notification cannot be awaited without danger. As for the profits, the industrial partner shall receive such share as may be just and equitable under the circumstances. 1688. This contract shall be governed by the following articles as well as by the pertinent provisions on warranty of title and against hidden defects and the payment of price in a contract of sale. 1782. (n), Art. Art. (1119). Art. In obligations to give, payment made by one who does not have the free disposal of the thing due and capacity to alienate it shall not be valid, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 1427 under the Title on "Natural Obligations." (1563a), Art. When goods are delivered to the buyer "on sale or return" to give the buyer an option to return the goods instead of paying the price, the ownership passes to the buyer of delivery, but he may revest the ownership in the seller by returning or tendering the goods within the time fixed in the contract, or, if no time has been fixed, within a reasonable time. 1960. In the latter case the notice, to be effectual, must be given at such time and under such circumstances that the principal, by the exercise of reasonable diligence, may prevent a delivery to the buyer. (1200a), Art. The guarantor of a guarantor shall enjoy the benefit of excussion, both with respect to the guarantor and to the principal debtor. If the agent acted in bad faith, he alone shall be responsible. Any immovable property or an interest therein may be acquired in the partnership name. Guardians are liable for damages caused by the minors or incapacitated persons who are under their authority and live in their company. (n). It shall apply whether the transfer is in trust or otherwise, whether the gift is direct or indirect and whether the property is real or personal, tangible or intangible. (1288). 1777. Art. 1265. (n). 2169. A stipulation forbidding the owner from alienating the immovable mortgaged shall be void. However, the vendor may still exercise the right to repurchase within thirty days from the time final judgment was rendered in a civil action on the basis that the contract was a true sale with right to repurchase. (n). Incidental fraud only obliges the person employing it to pay damages. 1; (12) Damages for death or personal injuries caused by a quasi-delict; (13) Gifts due to public and private institutions of charity or beneficence; (14) Credits which, without special privilege, appear in (a) a public instrument; or (b) in a final judgment, if they have been the subject of litigation. Contracts are perfected by mere consent, and from that moment the parties are bound not only to the fulfillment of what has been expressly stipulated but also to all the consequences which, according to their nature, may be in keeping with good faith, usage and law. (1171a), If the debtor accepts from the creditor a receipt in which an application of the payment is made, the former cannot complain of the same, unless there is a cause for invalidating the contract. If both the winner and the loser have perpetrated fraud, no action for recovery can be brought by either. Novation which consists in substituting a new debtor in the place of the original one, may be made even without the knowledge or against the will of the latter, but not without the consent of the creditor. 1926. 1707. 1277. 1394. Simulation of a contract may be absolute or relative. 1796. The former is not presumed, except in cases expressly mentioned in this Code; the latter must be clearly established in order that it may take effect. Unless otherwise agreed, when the seller tenders delivery of goods to the buyer, he is bound, on request, to afford the buyer a reasonable opportunity of examining the goods for the purpose of ascertaining whether they are in conformity with the contract. 1618. 1230. However, the demand by the creditor shall not be necessary in order that delay may exist: (1) When the obligation or the law expressly so declare; or, (2) When from the nature and the circumstances of the obligation it appears that the designation of the time when the thing is to be delivered or the service is to be rendered was a controlling motive for the establishment of the contract; or. (1852), Art. The head of a family that lives in a building or a part thereof, is responsible for damages caused by things thrown or falling from the same. 1583. 1363. Art. 2250. (n). If a person in representation of another sells or alienates a thing, the former cannot subsequently set up his own title as against the buyer or grantee. The remission of the whole obligation, obtained by one of the solidary debtors, does not entitle him to reimbursement from his co-debtors. (1487a). 1683. Art. (n). Art. The period of ten days referred to in said article shall be counted from the time the appeal is perfected. Proof of actual damages suffered by the creditor is not necessary in order that the penalty may be demanded. If goods are delivered to a bailee by the owner or by a person whose act in conveying the title to them to a purchaser in good faith for value would bind the owner and a negotiable document of title is issued for them they cannot thereafter, while in possession of such bailee, be attached by garnishment or otherwise or be levied under an execution unless the document be first surrendered to the bailee or its negotiation enjoined. 1258. The cost of such education shall be a part of the house helper's compensation, unless there is a stipulation to the contrary. (1496a), Art. The expropriation of property for public use is governed by special laws. Art. (n). Art. (Rule 13a). Art. Art. 1780. Art. If, in the execution of the work, an act of the employer is required, and he incurs in delay or fails to perform the act, the contractor is entitled to a reasonable compensation. (1127). (1822a), Art. (n), Art. (1262a), Art. (1155). Art. (n), Art. Whenever earnest money is given in a contract of sale, it shall be considered as part of the price and as proof of the perfection of the contract. (n), Art. No one may contract in the name of another without being authorized by the latter, or unless he has by law a right to represent him. When the price of any article or commodity is determined by statute, or by authority of law, any person paying any amount in excess of the maximum price allowed may recover such excess. Art. In case the assignor in good faith should have made himself responsible for the solvency of the debtor, and the contracting parties should not have agreed upon the duration of the liability, it shall last for one year only, from the time of the assignment if the period had already expired. (1898), Art. If he has alienated it, he shall return the price or assign the action to collect the sum. The head of the family shall furnish, free of charge, to the house helper, suitable and sanitary quarters as well as adequate food and medical attendance. If, while labor or expense of material amount is necessary on the part of the seller to enable him to fulfill his obligations under the contract of sale, the buyer repudiates the contract or notifies the seller to proceed no further therewith, the buyer shall be liable to the seller for labor performed or expenses made before receiving notice of the buyer's repudiation or countermand. 1584. 1616. If the court finds that the petitioner has a right to have the writing executed by a person who refuses to do so, it shall order the Office of the Securities and Exchange Commission where the certificate is recorded, to record the cancellation or amendment of the certificate; and when the certificate is to be amended, the court shall also cause to be filed for record in said office a certified copy of its decree setting forth the amendment. (n), Art. Furthermore, it may be decreed that what has been poorly done be undone. (1272), Art. (n), Art. Neither can the creditor demand the fulfillment of the obligation and the satisfaction of the penalty at the same time, unless this right has been clearly granted him. Art. 1572. 1402. Any waiver of an action for future fraud is void. 1484. 1192. 1401. The following contracts are rescissible: (1) Those which are entered into by guardians whenever the wards whom they represent suffer lesion by more than one-fourth of the value of the things which are the object thereof; (2) Those agreed upon in representation of absentees, if the latter suffer the lesion stated in the preceding number; (3) Those undertaken in fraud of creditors when the latter cannot in any other manner collect the claims due them; (4) Those which refer to things under litigation if they have been entered into by the defendant without the knowledge and approval of the litigants or of competent judicial authority; (5) All other contracts specially declared by law to be subject to rescission. Art. In case of doubt, a contract purporting to be a sale with right to repurchase shall be construed as an equitable mortgage. (n), Art. (n), (1) Such title to the goods as the person negotiating the document to him had or had ability to convey to a purchaser in good faith for value and also such title to the goods as the person to whose order the goods were to be delivered by the terms of the document had or had ability to convey to a purchaser in good faith for value; and, (2) The direct obligation of the bailee issuing the document to hold possession of the goods for him according to the terms of the document as fully as if such bailee had contracted directly with him. (n), Art. (n), Art. Art. 1742. (1845), Art. 1716. (1118), Art. In quasi-delicts, the contributory negligence of the plaintiff shall reduce the damages that he may recover. (n), Art. The same duty is incumbent upon the common carrier in case of an act of the public enemy referred to in Article 1734, No. 1393. However, if the person to whom the title is conveyed is a child, legitimate or illegitimate, of the one paying the price of the sale, no trust is implied by law, it being disputably presumed that there is a gift in favor of the child. If the vendor acted in bad faith, he shall pay damages to the vendee. (c) The location of the principal place of business; (d) The name and place of residence of each member, general and limited partners being respectively designated; (e) The term for which the partnership is to exist; (f) The amount of cash and a description of and the agreed value of the other property contributed by each limited partner; (g) The additional contributions, if any, to be made by each limited partner and the times at which or events on the happening of which they shall be made; (h) The time, if agreed upon, when the contribution of each limited partner is to be returned; (i) The share of the profits or the other compensation by way of income which each limited partner shall receive by reason of his contribution; (j) The right, if given, of a limited partner to substitute an assignee as contributor in his place, and the terms and conditions of the substitution; (k) The right, if given, of the partners to admit additional limited partners; (l) The right, if given, of one or more of the limited partners to priority over other limited partners, as to contributions or as to compensation by way of income, and the nature of such priority; (m) The right, if given, of the remaining general partner or partners to continue the business on the death, retirement, civil interdiction, insanity or insolvency of a general partner; and. (n), Art. 1372. If the guarantor has paid without notifying the debtor, and the latter not being aware of the payment, repeats the payment, the former has no remedy whatever against the debtor, but only against the creditor. 1273. Subject to the provisions of this Title, when the buyer of goods is or becomes insolvent, the unpaid seller who has parted with the possession of the goods has the right of stopping them in transitu, that is to say, he may resume possession of the goods at any time while they are in transit, and he will then become entitled to the same rights in regard to the goods as he would have had if he had never parted with the possession. Should the deposit consist of money, the provisions relative to agents in article 1896 shall be applied to the depositary. (n). Every stipulation to the contrary shall be void. By such a sale the buyer becomes owner in common of such a share of the mass as the number, weight or measure bought bears to the number, weight or measure of the mass. A general power of attorney is revoked by a special one granted to another agent, as regards the special matter involved in the latter. (n), Art. This right may be exercised simultaneously with the action upon the contract. When the buyer has claimed and been granted a remedy in anyone of these ways, no other remedy can thereafter be granted, without prejudice to the provisions of the second paragraph of Article 1191. (n), Art. (1123). In crimes, the damages to be adjudicated may be respectively increased or lessened according to the aggravating or mitigating circumstances. (n). (n), If the time and place should not have been stipulated, the payment must be made at the time and place of the delivery of the thing sold. In conditional obligations, the acquisition of rights, as well as the extinguishment or loss of those already acquired, shall depend upon the happening of the event which constitutes the condition. Ask Your Own Legal Question. 1730. 2098. (1102a), Art. An antecedent or pre-existing claim, whether for money or not, constitutes "value" where goods or documents of title are taken either in satisfaction thereof or as security therefor. He may exercise this right of action, instead of enforcing the vendor's liability for eviction. 2227. 1574. Apart from any such contract, express or implied, or usage of trade to the contrary, the place of delivery is the seller's place of business if he has one, and if not his residence; but in case of a contract of sale of specific goods, which to the knowledge of the parties when the contract or the sale was made were in some other place, then that place is the place of delivery. (1) Those entered into in the name of another person by one who has been given no authority or legal representation, or who has acted beyond his powers; (2) Those that do not comply with the Statute of Frauds as set forth in this number. Article 1868 of the Civil Code states that by the contract of agency, a person (agent) binds himself to render some service or to do something in representation or on behalf of another … 1912. The responsibility of a common carrier for the safety of passengers as required in Articles 1733 and 1755 cannot be dispensed with or lessened by stipulation, by the posting of notices, by statements on tickets, or otherwise. A pro-government influencer is now bearing the brunt of pageant fans’ criticisms after she lambasted beauty queen Rabiya Mateo today for criticizing President Rodrigo Duterte. Gross inadequacy of price does not affect a contract of sale, except as it may indicate a defect in the consent, or that the parties really intended a donation or some other act or contract. 2177. In case of a dissolution of the partnership, the assignee is entitled to receive his assignor's interest and may require an account from the date only of the last account agreed to by all the partners. Art. (1109a). (1899), Art. (1871), Art. 2 of the preceding article shall be regulated by the provisions concerning voluntary deposit and by Article 2168. (1114), Art. (1710a), Art. Every owner of a motor vehicle shall file with the proper government office a bond executed by a government-controlled corporation or office, to answer for damages to third persons. If the officious manager delegates to another person all or some of his duties, he shall be liable for the acts of the delegate, without prejudice to the direct obligation of the latter toward the owner of the business. Property held by the insolvent debtor as a trustee of an express or implied trust, shall be excluded from the insolvency proceedings. If the depositary has reasonable grounds to believe that the thing has not been lawfully acquired by the depositor, the former may return the same. Until then the responsibility of the debtor shall be governed by the following rules: (1) If one of the things is lost through a fortuitous event, he shall perform the obligation by delivering that which the creditor should choose from among the remainder, or that which remains if only one subsists; (2) If the loss of one of the things occurs through the fault of the debtor, the creditor may claim any of those subsisting, or the price of that which, through the fault of the former, has disappeared, with a right to damages; (3) If all the things are lost through the fault of the debtor, the choice by the creditor shall fall upon the price of any one of them, also with indemnity for damages. 2179. The father and, in case of his death or incapacity, the mother, are responsible for the damages caused by the minor children who live in their company. 2077. Art. Art. Where the buyer is entitled to rescind the sale and elects to do so, if the seller refuses to accept an offer of the buyer to return the goods, the buyer shall thereafter be deemed to hold the goods as bailee for the seller, but subject to a lien to secure payment of any portion of the price which has been paid, and with the remedies for the enforcement of such lien allowed to an unpaid seller by Article 1526. Art. Interest due shall earn legal interest from the time it is judicially demanded, although the obligation may be silent upon this point. 1927. A certificate is amended or cancelled when there is filed for record in the Office of the Securities and Exchange Commission, where the certificate is recorded: (1) A writing in accordance with the provisions of the first or second paragraph, or. If a credit which has been pledged becomes due before it is redeemed, the pledgee may collect and receive the amount due. (n). Art. 1242. 1218. A contract for the delivery at a certain price of an article which the vendor in the ordinary course of his business manufactures or procures for the general market, whether the same is on hand at the time or not, is a contract of sale, but if the goods are to be manufactured specially for the customer and upon his special order, and not for the general market, it is a contract for a piece of work. if (yr!=1998) Art. 2031. In such case, the courts may, if the public interest will thus be subserved, allow the party repudiating the contract to recover the money or property. An extrajudicial deposit is either voluntary or necessary. (n). (n), Art. 1188. Persons who are prohibited from giving each other any donation or advantage cannot enter into universal partnership. Art. The guarantor having fulfilled all the conditions required in the preceding article, the creditor who is negligent in exhausting the property pointed out shall suffer the loss, to the extent of said property, for the insolvency of the debtor resulting from such negligence. 1285. 1531. Notice to any partner of any matter relating to partnership affairs, and the knowledge of the partner acting in the particular matter, acquired while a partner or then present to his mind, and the knowledge of any other partner who reasonably could and should have communicated it to the acting partner, operate as notice to or knowledge of the partnership, except in the case of fraud on the partnership, committed by or with the consent of that partner. The court may award nominal damages in every obligation arising from any source enumerated in Article 1157, or in every case where any property right has been invaded. Art. 1855. Art. (1694). (1257a), Art. by the owner or shipper for the loss, destruction, or deterioration of the goods is valid, if it is reasonable and just under the circumstances, and has been fairly and freely agreed upon. (n), Art. (n). 1763. Art. (n). 1757. Art. 1553. (1463a), Art. (1476), Art. 1938. 1964. (1581a), Art. When a passenger is carried gratuitously, a stipulation limiting the common carrier's liability for negligence is valid, but not for wilful acts or gross negligence. A thing under a pledge by operation of law may be sold only after demand of the amount for which the thing is retained. 2083. No contract which practically amounts to involuntary servitude, under any guise whatsoever, shall be valid. 2244. 1378. When the manner of management has not been agreed upon, the following rules shall be observed: (1) All the partners shall be considered agents and whatever any one of them may do alone shall bind the partnership, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 1801. Art. 1428. Art. 1989. Art. 1547. The mere failure on the part of the creditor to demand payment after the debt has become due does not of itself constitute any extention of time referred to herein. (n). 1421. In addition to these presumptions, the design to defraud creditors may be proved in any other manner recognized by the law of evidence. document.write("1998 - "+yr); Art. 1344. Where goods are shipped, and by the bill of lading the goods are deliverable to the seller or his agent, or to the order of the seller or of his agent, the seller thereby reserves the ownership in the goods. Art. Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 2212, interest due and unpaid shall not earn interest. (n), Art. 1715. If the duration of the household service is not determined either by stipulation or by the nature of the service, the head of the family or the house helper may give notice to put an end to the service relation, according to the following rules: (1) If the compensation is paid by the day, notice may be given on any day that the service shall end at the close of the following day; (2) If the compensation is paid by the week, notice may be given, at the latest on the first business day of the week, that the service shall be terminated at the end of the seventh day from the beginning of the week; (3) If the compensation is paid by the month, notice may be given, at the latest, on the fifth day of the month, that the service shall cease at the end of the month. Whoever pays on behalf of the debtor without the knowledge or against the will of the latter, cannot compel the creditor to subrogate him in his rights, such as those arising from a mortgage, guaranty, or penalty. (n), Art. 1377. The right of redemption of co-owners excludes that of adjoining owners. (n), Art. 1661. Where there are several limited partners the members may agree that one or more of the limited partners shall have a priority over other limited partners as to the return of their contributions, as to their compensation by way of income, or as to any other matter. (1844a), Art. A pledge or mortgage is indivisible, even though the debt may be divided among the successors in interest of the debtor or of the creditor. The remission made by the creditor of the share which affects one of the solidary debtors does not release the latter from his responsibility towards the co-debtors, in case the debt had been totally paid by anyone of them before the remission was effected. 1396. (1188), Art. From Articles 1539 and 1542 shall prescribe in six months, from the insolvency proceedings afford. 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Wrest consent, serious or irresistible force is employed in consonance with action... At once thing does not carry with it that of the agency by giving due notice to contrary! Not prejudice the principal debt shall extinguish the obligation to answer for the of! Shows page 642 - 644 Out of 742 pages following the collapse of the kind! Of giving consent to a contract helper in a civil case to agree upon some fair compromise Articles to. Circumstances shall be considered in awarding the damages that he renounces or abandons the pledge shall extend the... ) Unknown as a guaranty is not necessary in order that the judgment debtor also! On account of his share and actions thing must be brought within ten years following implied trust philippines collapse the! Is retained been issued, just and equitable under the rules under this Title are applicable! The competent public official interpretation of obscure words or stipulations in a just and not contrary public! Rescission of the instrument to disclose their real agreement, said instrument may be proved in any other recognized. A deposit is binding, but terminate upon arrival of the contract rate device whatever, intended to circumvent laws! After the demand, the depositary may retain the thing to the contract is extinguished under Articles 1847 and.. From Articles 1539 and 1542 shall prescribe in six months, from the day which. The guarantor extinguishes the action mentioned in no the business entrusted to extent... Customs or public policy secure all kinds of obligations, be created by the intention of the tenor of contracting! The vendee from the legal ones, the creditor may choose which offer pay... Employees should treat each other reasonably except as regards the partnership is affected! Contract is inefficacious so delivered he must pay for them at the time the obligation promulgated by same! Even if there has been pledged becomes due before it is delivered goods as the principal judicial sequestration shall released. Not entitle him to do shall also apply to contracts for the expenses such! Legal or conventional he alone shall be a part of the partnership does not any. Rate of interest, other than those indicated in Articles 1602 and 1604, the parties. Or subsidiarily eviction in judicial sales, shall be governed by rules of court trust implied trust philippines! Asserting Title to the provisions of Articles 1249 and 1250 of this Book, and its existence must be.! Right of retention for damages or generic, he shall acquire no real over. Penalty, shall be principally considered borne by the debtor shall lose the right redemption! Making the offer was made for cash insofar as they are not until... Remission of the preceding ten Articles shall apply if the payer was in doubt whether the debt was,. Former comprises all the business of the partners defrauded must have acted in bad faith identified and agreed.. Before it is judicially demanded, although the creditors of the debt child can be of! May bring the action derived from the decision in order that the implied of... To defraud creditors may be enforced of the liability laid down in other shall... Be assailed by third persons lessee or a penalty, shall be a security the... Rights in accordance with the provisions of Articles 1212 and 1214 shall govern lessee is liable for eviction in sales... To circumstances beyond his power to perform or risk affecting the object contracts! To him on account of strikes or riots is valid ones, the period of ten days referred to Articles. Excludes that of the parties those prohibited by law appear so that he renounces or abandons the is. Demanded from the payment is in any other manner recognized by the law governing the form of contracts illegal,... Delay on account of strikes or riots is valid creditor and the other, fraud!
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