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Though the official death toll in the Surat riots … The riots happened during the chief ministership of the Indian National Congress leader Hitendra Desai. [16][17] However, he was immediately granted bail. Nine businessmen from the western suburbs joined the Shiv Sena on the occasion. This phase occurred in January 1993, with most incidents reported between 6 and 20 January. Apr 13, 2017, 11:45 AM IST They are now happening at places which were unaffected by the riots of 2002,” Ujjaini added. Vadavali is not the only village in Gujarat which has witnessed communal riots or clashes in the last few years. Modi went on to say that there could not be any difference between the riots of 1984 and those of 2002. Find Gujarat Riots Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat Riots and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. Notably, after almost every incident of a communal clash in small towns and villages of Gujarat, boards saying “Welcome to Hindu Rashtra” emerge. Vadavali, a small village in Chanasma tehsil, Patan district, went up in smoke on March 26, 2017 after a communal riot razed it, leaving two dead, 25 injured and several homes gutted and looted. But he blamed me instead, saying I was overthinking it and trying to trigger communal tensions again,” said a Gujarat-based minority rights activist who wished to remain anonymous. “In 2019, there were six incidents of communal violence in Gujarat out which five incidents took place in small towns, blocks and villages like Khambat in Anand, Kota Gadi in Sabarkantha, Nandoliya in Kadi Taluka, Dhunadra in Kheda district,” Hozefa Ujjaini, a Gujarat-based minority rights activist who was part of the fact-finding team, told NewsClick. “Whether it is 1984 Delhi riots, 1992 Mumbai riots, 1985 Gujarat riots or atrocities committed in Kashmir or Godhra-related riots. Subscribe to NewsClick's Telegram channel & get Real-Time updates on stories, as they get published on our website. The British colonial policy of Divide and Rule allegedly included administrative and political activities such as communalized census taking, and the Morley Minto reforms, that relied on communal segregation, and in particular Hindu-Muslim divisions. However, post-2002, places like Chattral in Gandhinagar district, Vadavali in Patan, Khambhat in Anand, Idar in Sabarkantha and Halvad in Morbi have been witnessing communal violence. Around 25 people, including the girl’s family, came looking for Akbar soon after and verbally abused Allubhai, his father, and thrashed Akbar. MHA 2020 Review: Exemplar of Fabrication and Authoritarian Pride? The first was mainly a Muslim instigation as a result of the Babri Masjid demolition in the week immediately succeeding 7 December 1992 led by political leaders representing Hindutva in the city of Ayodhya. The incident triggered riots in Gujarat, and more than a thousand people were killed, most of them Muslims. Clashes broke out between the two groups in the college following which an FIR was registered against eight students, all Muslims. The Bombay riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which an estimated 900 people died. The communal violence in December 1992 and January 1993, set off by the destruction of the Ayodhya mosque, was a Shiv Sena-organized pogrom against Muslims in Mumbai. The riots were mainly due to escalations of hostilities after large scale protests by Muslims in reaction to the 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition by Hindu Karsevaks in Ayodhya. Detractors came initially from left quarters who were wary of a judge who was a devout and practising Hindu. Seven FIRs were registered following the riots in which Patel and Brahmbhatt were named alongside several leaders of the Hindu Jagran Manch and a few local councillors. [13] The case was later dismissed. The family of Hussainbhai Rahimwala Sheikh was among the Muslims who fled their home which was burnt to ashes. The 1969 Gujarat riots refers to the communal violence between Hindus and Muslims during September–October 1969, in Gujarat, India.The violence was Gujarat's first major riot that involved massacre, arson and looting on a large scale. In February 2019, a petty feud between two children over flying kites in Akbarpura area turned into a communal riot. But this is no reason to celebrate. Explore more on Gujarat Riots Convict. I mentioned them to the district collector and told him that the boards add to the fear of these Muslim families. [10] A high-ranking member of the special branch later stated that the police were fully aware of the Shiv Sena's capabilities to commit acts of violence, and that they had incited hate against the minority communities. ... 1992, sparked riots across India in which about 1,700 persons were killed. Men, women and youngsters from Gujarat, constituting possibly the largest contingent from anywhere in the country, partici- pated in the demolition of the Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992. "Whether it is 1984 Delhi riots, 1992 Mumbai riots, 1985 Gujarat riots or atrocities committed in Kashmir or Godhra-related riots. The Shiv Sena government rejected its recommendations. An estimated 575 Muslims and 275 Hindus were killed at the end of the riot. Various writers trace the causes of the riots to a mix of socioeconomic and political factors. 2002 Gujarat riots probe: SC relieves SIT chief RK Raghavan. The riots are portrayed in several different films: "Why there's no noise about the Mumbai riots", "Factors responsible for the growth of communalism", "The Hindu : Thackeray arrested, freed by court", "Yakub Memon case: one chart that shows just how partisan India's justice system can be", "Shiv Sena politician convicted over 1992 Mumbai riots", "Former Shiv Sena leader Sarpotdar convicted in Mumbai for inciting violence in 1992", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST), Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay (IIT-B), Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Institute of Chemical Technology (formerly UDCT), Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS), SP Jain Institute of Management and Research, Sydenham Institute of Management Studies, Research and Entrepreneurship Education(SIMSREE), Ramniranjan Anandilal Podar College of Commerce and Economics, V. G. Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CBS), Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bombay_riots&oldid=1001968706, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2009, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Maharashtra articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, the aggravation of Muslim sentiments by the Hindus with their celebration rallies. As determined by the government's Srikrishna commission; the riots started as a result of communal tension prevailing in the city after the Babri Mosque demolition on 6 December 1992. Pune Metro: Pillars in River Heighten Flood Risk, Will They Be Reconsidered? [4] A high-ranking member of the special branch later stated that the police were fully aware of the Shiv Sena's capabilities to commit acts of violence, and that they had incited hate against the minority communities. The Justice Reddy Commission set up by his government blamed the Hindu nationalist organizations for the violence. They left after finding him, only to return as a bigger mob of about 500 people with wooden staffs, swords and pipes. The Report asserted that the communal passions of the Hindus were aroused to fever pitch by the inciting writings in print media, particularly Saamna and Navaakal which gave exaggerated accounts of the Mathadi murders and the Radhabai Chawl incident. In Mehsana, a Muslim boy and Hindu girl students of a local college were confronted by Dhaval Barot, a local VHP member, who accused the boy of ‘Love Jihad’. Barot threatened the couple but some college boys thrashed him instead. The cell decided to organise such gatherings every month in localities dominated by Gujaratis. There has been a surge of local Hindu supremacist outfits in small towns across the state. In the same month, a small-scale communal incident occured over a social media post about the Pulwama attack in another part of Khambhat. Udhna police registered a case under IPC sections 143, 147, 148, 149, 436, 437, 120 (B) and TADA sections 5 and 7, and arrested 26 persons, including Ikbal Belim, Rahim Rana and Shakeel Ansari. Find Gujarat Riots Convict Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat Riots Convict and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. The trigger was the demolition of the Babri Masjid at Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh by thousands of maniacal Hindu right wingers. Six years later, hundreds of Hindus and Muslims died in riots across two phases in Mumbai in 1992-93. Abdul had been looking for his brother who was rumoured to have been killed in the violence of what are referred to as the ‘Bombay riots’, which left over 900 dead. Several houses, vehicles and shops were damaged and set on fire. Almost in every incident of communal tension that has happened post 2002, the role of a newly-formed local right-wing outfit has been found. It was a black day in the history of India. In another incident, an anti-ragging protest at Maharaja Sayajirao University (MSU) in Baroda took a communal turn. [8] Post-Independence, the after-effects of the Partition of India along communal lines, the resurgence of 'Hindu Muslim Economic competition', the growth of right-wing communalist movements such as the RSS,[9] and political strategies of 'appeasement' towards communal political influences by secular political authorities (see Shah Bano case), reinforced communalist ideologies in the country. They played a role in communalising a social media post on the Pulwama attack that resulted in riots in 2019,” said Ujjaini. An agreement was signed where the boy’s family agreed he would not return to the village and they would give the girl’s family Rs 35,000 as compensation; a settlement amount. The riots, which began with members of both communities pelting stones at each other, spread to neighbouring areas of Rana Chakla, Madai and Vasdavad in Khambat. The girl and the boy, who had been in a relationship for a long time, left the village. The communal violence and rioting triggered off by the burning at Dongri and Radhabhai Chawl, and the following retaliatory violence by Shiv Sena was hijacked by local criminal elements who potential opportunity to make quick gains. (31 Dec 2002) Ayodhya The Indian town of Ayodhya, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, became the focus of tensions between Hindu nationalists and Muslims. Soon after the incident, multiple boards came up between Dhansura and Vadagam – a stretch of about eight kilometres – that read: “Hindu Rashtra ke Vadagam, Dhansura, Harsol aur Talod me apka swagat hai” (Welcome to Hindu Rashtra’s Vadagam, Harsol and Talod.). In February 2020, Bhavsarwad, a Hindu-dominated area, was looted, following which an Anand-based right-wing outfit called Hindu Jagran Manch organised a rally and raised provocative slogans, urging Hindus to oust Muslims from the town. Earlier, major cities like Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara had witnessed major communal riots in 1946, 1969,1981-82, 1985, 1990, 1992, 2002 and 2006. The second phase was a Hindu backlash occurring as a result of the killings of Hindu Mathadi Kamgar (workers) by Muslim fanatics in Dongri (an area of South Bombay), stabbing of Hindus in Muslim majority areas and burning of six Hindus, including a disabled girl in Radhabai Chawl. Starting from the demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992 to the Gujarat riots of 2002, to last year’s Delhi riots, speeches made by BJP leaders L.K. The protestors were primarily protesting against a group of Muslim students who they accused of ‘luring’ Hindu girls of the college into relationships, calling it ‘Love Jihad’. The 1992 Los Angeles riots, sometimes called the 1992 Los Angeles uprising, were a series of riots and civil disturbances that occurred in Los Angeles County in April and May 1992. [5] Historian Barbara Metcalf has described the riots as an anti-Muslim pogrom. It faulted the Gujarat government for failure of intelligence, failure to take appropriate action, and failure to identify local factors and players. Sanjay Patel, BJP leader from Khambhat and a former MLA and Pinakin Brahmbhatt, the city unit head of the BJP, were among those who raised provocative religious slogans. 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